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Toombs County, Georgia Biographies

Toombs County, GA Confederate Veterans

This 1913 photo shows Charles Hicks, third from the right on the back row, among a group of Confederate veterans. They are set to board a train for Pennsylvania where they will help celebrate the 50th anniversary of the fateful Battle of Gettysburg.
This 1913 photo shows Charles Hicks, third from the right on the back row, among a group of Confederate veterans. They are set to board a train for Pennsylvania where they will help celebrate the 50th anniversary of the fateful Battle of Gettysburg.


Charles Hicks was a slave when the Civil War started. When it was over, he was a free man, and a veteran of borth armies.
Charles Hicks was a slave when the Civil War started. When it was over, he was a free man, and a veteran of borth armies.
"The only Georgia who was a member of both the United Confederate Veterans and the Grand Army of the Republic"

Charles Hicks

(7 Jul 1838-26 May 1942)

Company F, 14th Georgia Infantry Regiment

Company C, 110th U.S. Colored Volunteer Infantry

Charles Page was born a slave in Johnson County, Georgia, in 1838. In 1860 his first master, a brutal man, sold him to a retired U.S. Army major, James H. Hicks Sr. In accordance with the custom of those days, Charles Page took the last name of his new master and became Charles Hicks.

In 1861, Charles went off to war as a servant with the master's son, Lt. James H. Hicks Jr., a lieutenant in the Confederate Army. Their unit, the 14th Georgia, was in Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and fought in many of the war's bloodiest battles, including Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness and Cold Harbor.

Lt. Hicks was wounded in 1864, and he and Charles returned to Georgia. Lt. Hicks recovered and returned to Virginia, leaving Charles behind.

Charles then left the Johnson County farm — it's unknown whether he was running away or trying to rejoin Lt. Hicks in Virginia — but he soon ran into Gen. William T. Sherman's army, cutting through Georgia in its March to the Sea. On Dec. 1, 1864, on the bank of the Ogeechee River in Jefferson County, Charles enlisted in the Union Army. His enlistment is recorded as voluntary, but his 1941 newspaper obituary said he was forced to join the Northern army and serve as a cook.

Charles' unit, the 110th U.S. Colored Volunteer Infantry, served with Sherman during the federal occupation of Savannah.

He was released from federal service in 1866 and returned to Johnson County, living close to his old master, James H. Hicks Sr.

Charles Hicks moved to a farm near Lyons in the 1890s.

In 1912, Charles was granted a federal pension for his service as a soldier — $16 a month from 1912 through 1916, $20 a month from 1916 through 1921 and $24 a month from 1921 until his death.

The next year, Charles traveled to Gettysburg for the 50th anniversary of that famed battle as an honorary member of the United Confederate Veterans.

Charles went back to Gettysburg in 1938 for the 75th anniversary of the battle.

Charles attended Confederate and Union veteran's reunions. He was believed to the the only Georgia who was a member of both the UCV and the Grand Army of the Republic.

His obituary notice said Charles, who died at 103, "was a substantial landowner and operated his farm until after he was a hundred years old when sons gave him such assistance as he needed. For many years he gave a barbecue on the 4th of July to which his family and white friends were invited."

Charles was buried at the Jordon Stream Missionary Baptist Church. He had donated the land for the construction of the church and its cemetery.

In 1998, when the African-American Civil War Memorial was unveiled in Washington, D.C., Charles Hicks' name was on it and his daughter — Mrs. Lillie Bee Hicks Jones — was in attendance.

A Vidalia family, Martha Price Thompson and her son Andrew, helped complete the paperwork to get Charles' name on the statue.

They have also helped put a stone at Charles' grave that acknowledges his unique service. "We feel this completes this saga," Andrew Thompson said.

References

One Man's War - Charles Hicks was a slave when the Civil War started. When it was over, he was a free man, and a veteran of both armies. - Past Stories - This series of stories celebrates who we are, where we came from, and where we are as Georgians headed in this new millennium. - Bringing the news to Savannah for 150 years - Through wars, turmoil and celebrations, the Morning News has been there to report it all. - Week 37: - Year 2000: The Series: Table of Contents - As part of Celebrate 2000, each week the Savannah Morning News chronicles significant people and events in Georgia's history. Year 2000: The Series celebrates who we are, where we came from, and where we are headed in the coming millennium. - 150 Years of Savannah Morning News - Special Sections and Features - Savannah Morning News - SavannahNow.com
http://www.savannahnow.com/features/150years/week37/

Charles Hicks, Black Confederate, Company F, 14th Georgia Infantry Regiment - Charles Hicks was sent home to help protect family and home from Sherman's “bummers,” who were ravaging Johnson County. In the photo, he is attending the 1938 Gettysburg Reunion as a Confederate, his choice at 100 years of age. Photo and info from Donald Smith and Joe Langley of SCV Camp 1688, Wrightsville, Georgia. - Were Blacks “Forced to Fight” for the Confederacy? - Enter Here - Rebel Gray - RebelGray.com
http://www.rebelgray.com/BlacksForced.htm

A resolution recognizing the Late Mr. Charles Hicks - - SR 642 - Boshears, Edward E (6th) - Georgia House of Representatives - Georgia General Assembly
http://www.legis.state.ga.us/legis/1997_98/leg/fulltext/sr642.htm

Confederate Muster Rolls - Online Records - What Do We Have? - Georgia Archives - www.GeorgiaArchives.org
http://www.georgiaarchives.org/what_do_we_have/online_records/confederate_muster_rolls/CMR_main.htm

Charles Hicks, Black Confederate, of the Co F 14th GA - Furnished by compatriot Donald Smith Surgeon Camp 1688 Johnson Grey's. - - Photo Album - Southern Messenger - SouthernMessenger.org
http://www.southernmessenger.org/images/Louis.bmp

Charles Hicks, Black Confederate, of the Co F 14th GA - - Pictures of the South - Dixie Belgium - Dixie.be
http://www.dixie.be/index/andnow2.htm

Lt. James H. Hicks Jr. - Born in Emanuel County, Ga. on June 21, 1841, son of James and Mary Elizabeth Hightower Ellington Hicks, enlisted on July 11, 1861, elected Jr. 2nd Lieutenant on June 21, 1862, wounded on May 3, 1863 at Chancellorsville, elected 1st Lieutenant on June 1, 1863, wounded on May 12, 1864 at Spotsylvania, and elected Captain on Sept. 4, 1864, surrendered at Appomattox, Va. on April 9, 1865, participated in all battles of the war. - Roster The Johnson Grays - 14th Georgia Volunteer Infantry Regiment Company F. Compiled by Scott B. Thompson, Jr. - History of Company F, 14th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry - The Online History of Company F 14th Georgia Infantry and Company F, 48th Georgia Infantry. 1861 - 1865 - 5th Georgia Volunteer Cavalry - 5thGaCavalry.info
http://www.5thgacavalry.info/johnson/cof14.htm

Mrs. Georgia Mae Hicks Dixon and Mrs. Lillie B. Hicks Jones - Daughters of Charles Hicks Co. F, 14th GA Inf. Reg., Johnson County Grays. Charles Hicks went off to war with his masters son and was captured by the Yankees and force to work as a cook until the end of the war. - - Real Daughters and Real Son in Toombs - The General Robert Agustas Toombs Camp 932 Sons of Confederate Veterans - http://home.cybersouth.com/twhite/RealDaughtersandSon.html
http://home.cybersouth.com/twhite/RealDaughtersandSon.html

Charles Hicks - Several months ago, the Hicks family expressed their interest to have a millitary service stone and dedication ceremony at their father's gravesite. The oldest daughter remembered she had some of his records. These turned out to be his discharged and pay records. It seems he was captured in late 64? and given the choice of enlisting as a cook in the Union army or going to a POW camp. He chose to enlist but enlisted as Charles Page! - - - -
http://home.cybersouth.com/twhite/CharlesHicks.html

Charles Hicks is standing third fron the far right on the third (back) row (wearing bow tie). - Confederate Veterans in Vidalia, GA. c. 1913 - Toombs County, Georgia Group Photographs - Confederate Veterans - Robertson Register of Historical Photographs
http://userwww.service.emory.edu/~antjr/vid093.html

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